It's all communications. It's certainly possible to commit illegal activities over the phone, but it takes a court order for the phone company to legally monitor your phone. As I mentioned and gave examples of, downloading copyright material in and of itself is not illegal, as the owners have often given permission to do precisely that. The problem is with people downloading stuff that does not have permission to be shared in that manner. How does Shaw or other determine if the copyright material does or does not come with appropriate permissions. I could, for example, download some Linux distros and place them on my own web site, where anyone can legally download them. Is Shaw supposed to stop that too? What if encryption is used? How will they determine what's being downloaded? Turning ISPs into police is most definitely the wrong way to go. To follow your argument, perhaps Canada Post should get into the habit of opening mail to see if any illegal material is being mailed.