A better example is Erie, Pennsylvania. The city has a population of less than 100,000 and it has 4 network stations plus PBS. Its economy and population has been shrinking since 1960 yet it managed to add 3 independently owned and operated TV stations during the 1970s. In contrast, the London and KW regions have grown significantly during that time but still only have one station that is not a simple repeater of a Toronto station. Even those repeaters were not added until the 1990s or later. During the past 10 years, London has lost two repeaters, Sun TV and CBC. CTV and Global have never had an affiliate in London. The grade B contour of their nearest stations and the local terrain guarantees that that they cannot be received by most Londoners without an outdoor antenna. The only existing station was a CBC affiliate until around 1990 and was recently rebranded as CTV2, aka not a real CTV station. (The 2 seems to be shorthand for 'Too awful to watch.')The Buffalo area is barely 1 million people.