Many people assume that since Christianity and science don't go together (creationism, 6,000 year old earth, sun orbiting earth, etc.), that must be the case for all religions. I want to clear the air and say that's not the case.
Islam has never had a problem with mixing science and religion. That is why there is also no separation of mosque and state.
Evolution and Islam
Another example of Muslims employing reasoning in explaining their beliefs
There are many examples of things that happen by chance. Let me offer one situation. If you took ten colored marbles, then numbered them one to ten and you put them inside a bag. Next, you shook that bag to mix them up. Then, closing your eyes and reaching into the bag, you tried to pull out the marbles in order-1 to 10. What is the chance of pulling out the marbles in order? Do you know what the chances are? It is twenty six million to one (26,000,000 to 1). And this is something within our ability to do. So now I ask you, what is the chance that the heavens and the earth just came together as they are (with the exact precision and orchestration in their existence)?
Think about the heart. Think about how it pumps continuously for sixty or seventy years [taking in and discharging blood throughout the body] maintaining steady precision throughout the life of the person. Think about the kidneys and the liver and the various functions they perform. The purifying instruments of the body that perform hundreds of chemical analyses simultaneously and also controls the level of toxicity in the content of the body. All of these are done automatically. Think about your eyes, the human cameras, that adjust, focus, interpret, evaluate, discern color automatically, naturally receiving and adjusting to light and distance. Think about it-Who created them? Who has mastered their design and function? Who plans and regulates their function? Human beings do this? No, of course not. What about this universe? Think about this. This earth is one planet in our solar system, and our solar system is one [of possible many] solar systems. Our galaxy, The Milky Way, is one of the galaxies. There are ONE HUNDRED MILLION GALAXIES in the universe. They are all in order and they are all precise. They are not colliding with each other. They are not conflicting with on another. They are swimming along in an orbit that has been set for them. Did human beings set that into motion and are human beings maintaining that precision? No, of course not. Think about the oceans, the fish, the insects, the birds, the plants, bacteria, and chemical elements that have not yet been discovered and cannot be detected even with the most sophisticated instruments. Yet each of them has a law that they follow. Did all of this synchronization, balance, harmony, variation, design, maintenance, operation and infinite numeration happen all by chance? Do these things function perfectly and perpetually also by chance? No, of course not. That would be totally illogical and foolish. In the least, it indicates that however it came to exist-it exists beyond the realm of human capability. We will all agree to that.
Rest of this lecture available here
Islam does not see a conflict between faith and science or religion and rationality or belief and reason. In fact, they are considered to go hand-in-hand - and a person is not considered a Muslim unless they believe in Islam based on actual reasoning and logical thought.
Criticize Islam. Go ahead. But logic and reasoning is considered central to the religion. Analogical deduction, for instance, is commonly used in making religious rulings. There is also a science of classifying and reporting sayings of the Prophet Muhammad - called the science of hadith.
I'm sure there are other religions out there which do not ask people to just "have faith" and turn off their brain in order to believe that there is a God. Such a concept seems silly - but should not be associated with all religions just because it's common in Christianity.
Christianity does not represent all religions or even most religions. It represents itself. That's it.
Between the 8th and 18th century, the most scientifically advanced and technologically complex society was always majority Muslim. That's 1,000 years of dominance over the rest of the world.
Poor and corrupt leadership has left the Muslim worlds in shambles since its downfall began in the early 19th century. The most scientifically advanced and technologically complex society in the Muslim world lies in Dubai. That's it.
What goes up obviously comes down - and all periods of dominance end, sometimes rather harshly. China and India are the future superpowers and western dominance will come to an end by the end of this century.
Nevertheless, we see rich Muslims from all over the world, as well as western Muslims, striving to send their kids to the top schools and make sure their kids are the brightest students. Academic achievement is very highly valued amongst Muslim societies and you will find many Muslim scholars in western universities.
Talk to your Muslim neighbors and you will find they are more committed to ensuring their kids are well educated than anything else. Often, religious studies are even put on the back-burner to enable Muslim students to compete in contributing more to society than their non-Muslim peers.
No one hates the fact that the Muslim world is in shambles more than Muslims themselves. No one hates the fact that so few Muslims have been recognized as significant contributors to society in recent times (compared to Jews, for instance, who have a disproportionate number of Nobel prizes) more than Muslims themselves. It's part of what leads to frustration - and, occasionally, extreme views.
Just another perspective. Just another POV. Just wanted to share.